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Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada

Print version ISSN 1519-0501On-line version ISSN 1983-4632

Abstract

OLIVEIRA, Arlete Maria Gomes; CARNEIRO, Joana Danielle Brandão; AMBROSANO, Glaucia Maria Bovi  and  MENEGHIM, Marcelo de Castro. Self-Perception on the Institutionalized Elderly Need of Dental Prosthesis. Pesqui. Bras. Odontopediatria Clín. Integr. [online]. 2020, vol.20, e4146.  Epub July 20, 2020. ISSN 1983-4632.  https://doi.org/10.1590/pboci.2020.098.

Objective:

To make an association between self-perception and the implementation of sociodemographic variables for the autonomous and / or partially dependent individuals in nursing homes.

Material and Methods:

Epidemiological, observational and cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 208 institutionalized elderly, both sexes, 60 years old or older, independent or partially dependent, randomly selected from two long-term residential institutions. Subjective evaluation: self-perception questionnaire, Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index, quality of life assessment, Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP), oral health self-assessment (OH) and the need for dental prostheses. Bivariate analysis, chi-square test and multiple logistic regression were used, with the variables with p<0.05 remaining in the model.

Results:

Men were edentulous (53.43%), 68.75% used some type of denture, and 64.91% required dental prostheses, 60.58% self-assessed (OH) as good / excellent; who reported a need for dental prostheses presented 6.7 times (95% CI: 3.2-14.3) and more likely to have an impact on OIDP, those who needed prosthetics had a 2.8 times chance (95% CI: 1.3-6.1) (p<0.0001). The self-reported need for prostheses was associated with prevalence severity of impacts on QoL, eating, pronounce words correctly, Smile without feeling embarrassed; and the main reasons for not having badly adjusted teeth / dentures.

Conclusion:

The institutionalized elderly self-perceive the need for dental prostheses, but it does not have a negative impact on quality of life.

Keywords : Aged; Health Services for the Aged; Self Concept; Quality of Life; Oral Health.

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