Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Plástica
versión impresa ISSN 1983-5175
ISAAC, César et al. Replacement of fetal calf serum by human serum as supplementation for human fibroblast culture. Rev. Bras. Cir. Plást. (Impr.) [online]. 2011, vol.26, n.3, pp. 379-384. ISSN 1983-5175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1983-51752011000300003.
INTRODUCTION: Fetal calf serum (FCS) is commonly used as a supplement in the culture medium for fibroblast cells. This supplementation is far from ideal as sample quality varies from batch to batch and the composition of FCS is not completely known. In addition, FCS may be contaminated with viruses and/or prions and may also cause adverse immunologic responses in humans. Due to these facts, a worldwide effort is being made to find alternatives for xenobiotic elements in cell cultures. Human serum could be a safer alternative, especially for clinical application. METHODS: We investigated human serum as a substitute for FCS in human fibroblast culture. Fresh human serum was obtained from 10 healthy volunteers. Fibroblasts were cultivated in multiwell plates containing either Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) plus 10% FCS (D10) or DMEM plus 10% human serum (D10H). Cell counts were obtained between 24 and 264 hours of cultivation; results were expressed as the mean number of cells Â± standard error of the mean to create cell proliferation curves. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference in fibroblast proliferation between the two groups. Human serum supported human fibroblast growth and proliferation, suggesting that it may be a potential substitute for FCS in human cell culture. Cells cultivated with human serum presented a different morphology, appearing smaller and more rounded as compared to cells cultivated in D10. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that human serum can be substituted for FCS in human fibroblasts culture and that fibroblasts cultivated in the presence of human serum have a morphology that is similar to in vivo fibroblasts.
Palabras llave : Serum; Cell culture techniques; Cells, cultured; Fibroblasts; Cell proliferation.