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Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Plástica
versión impresa ISSN 1983-5175
PINTO, Ewaldo Bolívar de Souza et al. Complications after breast implant use in Poland's syndrome: a case report. Rev. Bras. Cir. Plást. [online]. 2011, vol.26, n.4, pp. 703-706. ISSN 1983-5175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1983-51752011000400029.
Poland's syndrome is described as the absence of the pectoralis major muscle associated with deformities of the hands such as variable syndactylia, absence of the middle phalanx, fusion of the carpal bones, or shortening of the forearm. There may be variations in the extent of the thoracic impairment from the absence of anterior portions of ribs or costal cartilages to "sunken chest," which is generally used to describe thoracic depressions associated with skeletal dysplasia. In general, the areolar-papillary complex is in an upper region in men, and women have hypoplastic breasts. A 32-year-old female patient with Poland's syndrome sought our outpatient service wishing to improve the appearance of her thorax and breasts. She had undergone surgical intervention 7 years earlier with implantation of a silicone breast prosthesis, aiming to minimize the characteristic thoracic deformity. After an assessment, we opted to replace the prosthesis. During the intraoperative period, an area of osteocartilaginous resorption about 4 cm in diameter was observed in a region of costochondral articulation. After the surgery, the patient progressed as expected. Extensive research was carried out on the deformity found, and the patient was referred to a thoracic surgeon. Anterior regional bone resorption in the left hemithorax can be an important surgical finding. It can also represent a decrease in cardiac protection, necessitating greater care in cases of breast prosthesis replacement and the requirement of specific imaging examinations such as CT scans in order to minimize surgical risks.
Palabras clave : Breast implantation; Poland syndrome; Thoracic wall [abnormalities]; Bone diseases, developmental.