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Revista Bioética

versão impressa ISSN 1983-8042versão On-line ISSN 1983-8034

Resumo

AZAMBUJA, Letícia Erig Osório de  e  GARRAFA, Volnei. The common morality theory in the work of Beauchamp and Childress. Rev. Bioét. [online]. 2015, vol.23, n.3, pp.634-644. ISSN 1983-8042.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-80422015233100.

“Principles of Biomedical Ethics” by Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress, based on the concept of principlism, is the most studied book in the field of bioethics, and played a decisive role in the consolidation and global expansion of the discipline. Its four principles, however, were taken from different theories: the autonomy principle came from Kantian theory (Kant); beneficence, from utilitarian theory (Mill); justice, from the theory of justice (Rawls); and non-maleficence, from the common morality theory (Clouser and Gert). Since the 1990s several criticisms have arisen regarding the epistemological homogeneity of the work. As a result, changes, which are the subject of the present study, have been made to the text from the 4th edition onwards, especially concerning the common morality theory, incorporated in the book as the foundation of principlism. The aim of this study was to examine the inclusion of this theory into principlism, critically analyzing the contents of the last four editions of the book.

Palavras-chave : Bioethics; Morals; Ethics; medical; Ethical theory.

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