Fractal : Revista de Psicologia
On-line version ISSN 1984-0292
SANTOS, Leonardo Carvalho and SAMPAIO, Wilson Maranhão. Considerations on western civilization: Freud and Nietzsche as a benchmark. Fractal, Rev. Psicol. [online]. 2012, vol.24, n.1, pp. 59-80. ISSN 1984-0292. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-02922012000100005.
This work is a presentation of the perspectives of Nietzsche and Freud on contemporary Western civilization from the writings Genealogy of Morals, the first, The Future of an Illusion and The Malaise Civilization in the second. Is discussed aspects related to life in civilization, the mechanisms to deal with the unpleasantness of life in society and conflicts between instinct [Trieb] and culture. We present the perspectives of two authors to reveal the similar elements, different and complementary. Finally, we discuss the importance of these two authors for an analysis of the psychological condition of human science.
Keywords : civilization; west; moral; instinct; guilt.