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Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária
versión On-line ISSN 1984-2961
MARANA, Elizabete Regina M. et al. Cloning, expression, molecular characterization of the MSP5 protein from PR1 strain of Anaplasma marginale and its application in a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent test. Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. (Online) [online]. 2009, vol.18, n.2, pp.5-12. ISSN 1984-2961. http://dx.doi.org/10.4322/rbpv.01802002.
A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent test using the PR1 recombinant major surface protein 5 (rMSP5-PR1-ELISA) of Anaplasma marginale was standardized and validated using sera from anaplasmosis free and endemic regions. The sequencing of the msp5 gene of PR1 isolate showed 98% of identity with the Florida and Saint Maries isolates, 97% with Brazil (Pernambuco) and Havana isolates; and 91% with A. centrale. The cELISA-PR1 test was compared to IFI and cELISA-USA. For the standardization and validation of the cELISA-PR1, 380 bovine sera were used, whereas 245 truly positives and 135 truly negatives sera tested by the cELISA-USA. In the standardization of the cELISA-PR1 135 negative and 148 positive bovine sera were used. The cELISA-PR1 and IFI tests showed 100 and 99.3% specificity, 100 and 98%, sensibility, and a kappa coefficient of 0.993 and 0.978, respectively. For test validation, 245 bovine sera from an anaplasmosis endemic area were analyzed by the cELISA-PR1 and IFI, which showed 96.7 and 69.1% specificity, 98.9 e 96.3% sensibility and kappa coefficient of 0.956 and 0.699, respectively. These results indicate that the cELISA-PR1, likewise the cELISA-USA, could sensitively and specifically detect cattle naturally infected with A. marginale and would be recommended for epidemiological studies, eradications program, and regulation of international cattle movement, while IFI, which presented lower specificity should not be used in situations that demand more specific diagnosis.
Palabras clave : Anaplasma marginale; ELISA; IFI; protein; cattle.