Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária
On-line version ISSN 1984-2961
CATTO, João B. et al. Grazing systems, rotenone and parasites control in crossbred calves: effect on live weight gain and on parasites burdens. Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. (Online) [online]. 2009, vol.18, n.4, pp. 37-43. ISSN 1984-2961. http://dx.doi.org/10.4322/rbpv.01804007.
Practices for endo and ectoparasite control in beef cattle were evaluated in two independent experiments. First, the effects of rotenone® on Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks were evaluated in vitro and in experimentally infected calves. In the second trial, the effects of grazing systems associated with endo and ectoparasite treatments on parasite burden and weight gain of naturally parasited animals were evaluated. Rotenone showed acaricide action on larvae and engorged ticks during in vitro tests and on larvae in experimentally infected calves. Three treatments with endectocide decreased (P < .05) the number of EPG and ticks and increased (P < .05) the weight gain in the dry season. Animals treated with only one application of levamisole showed EPG intermediate and different (P < .05) from the groups treated with endectocide (lower) and control (higher) in the dry season, but the weight gain obtained with this treatment did not differ from the control group. During the raining season the animals treated with fipronil were significantly less parasited by horn fly, tick and larvae of Dermatobia hominis and the group treated with rotenone were significantly less parasited by horn fly in relation to control. Animals under rotational grazing showed significantly higher EPG than those under continuous grazing. Three treatments with endectocide in the dry season plus three acaricide treatments with fipronil in the raining season reduced EPG, tick, and screw worm larva counts, and provided a significant increase (23 kg) of live weight gain in relation to untreated animals.
Keywords : Calves; ectoparasites; nematodes; grazing system; rotenone.