Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária
On-line version ISSN 1984-2961
LASMAR, Pedro Veloso Facury et al. Evaluating the effectiveness of an inactivated vaccine from Anaplasma marginale derived from tick cell culture. Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. [online]. 2012, vol.21, n.2, pp. 112-117. ISSN 1984-2961. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612012000200008.
The protective efficacy of an inactivated vaccine from Anaplasma marginale that was cultured in tick cells (IDE8) for use against bovine anaplasmosis was evaluated. Five calves (Group 1) were inoculated subcutaneously, at 21-day intervals, with three doses of vaccine containing 3 × 109 A. marginale initial bodies. Five control calves received saline solution alone (Group 2). Thirty-two days after the final inoculation, all the calves were challenged with approximately 3 × 105 erythrocytes infected with A. marginale high-virulence isolate (UFMG2). The Group 1 calves seroconverted 14 days after the second dose of vaccine. After the challenge, all the animals showed patent rickettsemia. There was no significant difference (p > 0.05) between the Group 1 and 2 calves during the incubation period, patency period or convalescence period. All the animals required treatment to prevent death. The results suggest that the inactivated vaccine from A. marginale produced in IDE8 induced seroconversion in calves, but was not effective for preventing anaplasmosis induced by the UFMG2 isolate under the conditions of this experiment.
Keywords : Anaplasma marginale; vaccination; inactivated vaccine; IDE8.