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Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária

On-line version ISSN 1984-2961

Abstract

KRAWCZAK, Felipe da Silva et al. Serological survey on Ehrlichia sp. among dogs in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul. Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. [online]. 2012, vol.21, n.4, pp.415-417.  Epub Nov 27, 2012. ISSN 1984-2961.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612012005000001.

A serological survey on Ehrlichia canis was conducted among dogs in the central area of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, where the tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus is a common parasite of dogs. Out of a total of 316 dogs attended at the veterinary teaching hospital in the municipality of Santa Maria, only 14 (4.43%) reacted positively to E. canis antigens in the indirect immunofluorescence assay, with the following endpoint titers: 80 (three dogs), 160 (five), 320 (four), 640 (one) and 1280 (one). Like in previous studies in other regions of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, only a very small portion of the dogs in Santa Maria presented antibodies reactive to E. canis, even though canine infestations due to R. sanguineus are very common in this study region. These results contrast with other regions of Brazil, where E. canis is endemic among canine populations, with seropositivity values generally higher than 30%. Genetic differences among the R. sanguineus populations in South America might be implicated in these contrasting results.

Keywords : Ehrlichia canis; Rio Grande do Sul; serology; dogs.

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