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Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology

On-line version ISSN 1984-7033

Abstract

FURTINI, Isabela Volpi; RAMALHO, Magno Antonio Patto  and  ABREU, Ângela de Fátima Barbosa. Implications of selection in common bean lines in contrasting environments concerning nitrogen levels. Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.3, pp.160-165. ISSN 1984-7033.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1984-70332014v14n3a24.

Grain productivities of 100 bean lines were evaluated in the presence and absence of nitrogen fertilizer in order to identify those with high nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and to determine the correlated response observed in a stressed environment following selection in a non-stressed environment. The genetic and phenotypic characteristics of the lines, as wellas the response index to applied nitrogen, were determined. The average grain productivities at both locations were 39.5% higher in the presence of nitrogen fertilizer, with 8.3 kg of grain being produced per kg of nitrogen applied. NUE varied greatly between lines. Lines BP-16, CVII-85-11, BP-24, Ouro Negro and MA-IV-15-203 were the most efficient and responsive. The results showed that it is possible to select bean lines in stressed and non-stressed environments. It was inferred that common bean lines for environments with low nitrogenav ailability should preferably be selected under nitrogen stress.

Keywords : Phaseolus vulgaris L.; nitrogen use efficiency; correlated response; selection gain.

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