Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
On-line version ISSN 2175-9790
LINDEN, Rafael et al. Relation between CYP2C19 phenotype and genotype in a group of Brazilian volunteers. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2009, vol.45, n.3, pp. 461-467. ISSN 2175-9790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502009000300011.
The CYP2C19 gene presents polymorphism affecting the pharmacokinetics of several drugs of clinical importance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between CYP2C19 genotype and metabolic phenotype in a group of 38 Brazilian volunteers, evaluating the phenotype prediction capacity of the genotyping procedure. For CYP2C19 phenotyping, omeprazole was used as the probe drug, using the hydroxylation metabolic ratio as the phenotypic indicator. Venous blood samples were drawn before and three hours after an oral administration of 20 mg omeprazole. The plasma concentrations of omeprazole and hydroxy-omeprazole were determined by high performance liquid chromatography. The genotyping assay was carried out using a Real-Time-PCR-based assay, identifying the alleles *1 (completely functional), *2, *3 and *4 (null). The phenotyping procedure estimated the presence of 4 poor, 34 extensive and 1 ultra-extensive metabolizer. The genotyping identified 4 poor, 23 extensive and 11 intensive metabolizers. The groups of volunteers classified according to the number of active alleles of CYP2C19 had significant differences in the metabolic ratios of omeprazole hydroxylation. However, volunteers exhibiting the same number of active alleles presented different phenotypes. Therefore, the phenotyping of CYP2C19 is a more promising alternative to dose individualization of CYP2C19 substrate drugs.
Keywords : Metabolic phenotyping; Metabolic genotyping; CYP2C19 gene.