Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Print version ISSN 1984-8250
GONDIM, Antonio Nei Santana et al. Extract from leaf of Psidium guajava L depresses the guinea pig atrial contractility by interfering with potassium and calcium channels. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2009, vol.45, n.3, pp. 483-489. ISSN 1984-8250. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502009000300014.
The negative inotropic effect of aqueous fraction (AqF) obtained from the acetic extract of Psidium guajava L leaf was investigated on the guinea pig left atrium. Myocardial force was measured isometrically (27 ± 0.1 ºC, 2 Hz). AqF (100 μg/ml) reduced contractility of about 85 ± 9.4 % (n = 4, p < 0.001, Fcalc = 51.70, F(0.01; 4; 21) = 5.09, EC50 = 14.28 ± 3 μg/mL) in a concentration-dependent fashion. This effect was reduced by 20 mM of tetraethylammonium (TEA), increasing EC50 to 50 ± 7 μg/ml (n = 4, p < 0.001, Fcalc = 282.13; F(0.01; 21; 66) = 2.36). AqF (100 μg/ml) shifted to the right the CaCl2 concentration-effect curve, increasing the EC50 from 2170 ± 112 to 2690 ± 132 μM (n = 3, p < 0.001, Fcalc = 220.80 ; F(0.01; 29; 60) = 2.19). L-NAME (100 μM) did not modify the AqF inotropic effect (n = 3, p > 0.05) sugesting that the oxide nitric pathway did not participate of the action mechanism of AqF. We can conclude that AqF depresses the atrial contractile by reducing the calcium entry in myocardial cells and also by openenig potassium channels of cardiac tissue.
Keywords : Psidium guajava [acetic extract]; Psidium guajava [inotropic effect]; Inotropic effect [experimental study]; Myocardium [contraction]; Myocardium [experimental studies]; Myocardial cells; experimental studies.