Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
versión impresa ISSN 1984-8250
FERNANDES, Maurette dos Reis Vieira et al. Biological activities of the fermentation extract of the endophytic fungus Alternaria alternata isolated from Coffea arabica L.. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2009, vol.45, n.4, pp. 677-685. ISSN 1984-8250. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502009000400010.
A total of 22 endophytic fungi isolated from coffee (Coffea arabica L.) were cultivated in vitro and their crude extracts tested. The screening was carried out using the agar diffusion method against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans. The most effective isolate was Alternaria alternata, and subsequently, its extract was assayed. The total phenolic content was 3.44 μg GAE/mg of the crude extract. For the antibacterial and antifungal activity assays, minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and minimum bactericidal and fungicidal concentrations (MBC and MFC) were determined. The ranges of MIC values were 50-100 μg/mL for S. aureus and 400-800 μg/mL for E. coli. The extract did not show activity in the tested concentrations for C. albicans. The fungal crude extract was assayed for antioxidant activities. Its ability to scavenge DPPH radicals and antioxidant activity by β-carotene/linoleic acid system oxidation was not significant. In addition, antitumor activity was studied using the MTT assay. At a dilution of 400 μg/mL, the extract displayed a cytotoxic activity of approximately 50% towards HeLa cells in vitro. The results indicate that endophytic fungi could be a promising source of bioactive compounds and warrant further study.
Palabras clave : Endophytic fungi; Bioactive compounds; Alternaria alternata [extract/antioxidant activity].