Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
versión impresa ISSN 1984-8250
MENEZES, Valdenice Aparecida de et al. Pediatric medicines and their relationship to dental caries. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2010, vol.46, n.1, pp. 157-164. ISSN 1984-8250. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502010000100018.
The aim of this study was to evaluate mothers' knowledge about the cariogenic potential of pediatric medicines. A total of 111 mothers were interviewed using a standardized form containing 15 questions relating to the association of pediatric drug use with dental caries and oral hygiene care. Descriptive and inferential statistics (Chi-square test and Fisher's exact) were used at a significance of 5%. Most of the mothers were aged 40 years or under (77.4%), high school educated (30.6%) and not working (50.5%). The association between medication use and dental caries or defects in teeth structure was mentioned by 35 (43.2%) mothers, 33 of whom (40.7%) cited this was due to the presence of sugar in the formulations. Only 32 mothers (28.8%) performed oral hygiene for the child after drugs ingestion, although 81.1% (n = 90) had never received guidance on the importance of this practice. The type of occupation and maternal education level were not significant in these issues (p> 0.05). Pediatric medicines can create problems for the teeth and a high percentage of mothers are unable to establish a clear cause and effect relationship with this association. Therefore, the pharmaceutical industry needs to be more aware of this and should prepare pediatric medicines without the presence of sucrose.
Palabras llave : Pediatric medicine [cariogenic potential]; Dental caries [prevention].