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Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

versão On-line ISSN 2175-9790

Resumo

MONTEIRO, Vanessa  e  MATIOLI, Graciette. Implication of anthropometric profile and alimentary consumption on risk for diseases among school children in the 1st to 4th grades. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2010, vol.46, n.3, pp.445-454. ISSN 2175-9790.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502010000300007.

This study aimed to determine the anthropometric profile and diet of 652 school children from the 1st to 4th grades of elementary education in six private schools in the city of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil. Children's weight and height were classified according to the Body Mass Index proposed by Must et al. (1991). Food consumption was evaluated by means of a questionnaire about daily food frequency. Statistical analysis was carried out using linear and logistic regression tests, with a significance level of 5%. High rates of overweight and obesity, 21.9% and 13.3% respectively, were observed, which did not show a significant relationship with total food consumption. The data obtained were: high consumption of foods rich in energy, such as sugar- and fat-rich foods, and insufficient consumption of low-energy foods that are sources of micronutrients, such as vegetables. It is necessary to enhance the promotion of good alimentary and health habits within schools to lower risk factors for developing diseases, as well as to develop and validate a questionnaire to reliably assess the diet of the infant population.

Palavras-chave : Alimentary habits; Obesity; Body mass index; Infant nutrition.

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