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Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

versão On-line ISSN 2175-9790

Resumo

BARATTO, Leopoldo Clemente; DUARTE, Márcia do Rocio  e  SANTOS, Cid Aimbiré de Moraes. Pharmacobotanic characterization of young stems and stem barks of Rauvolfia sellowii Müll. Arg., Apocynaceae. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2010, vol.46, n.3, pp.555-561. ISSN 2175-9790.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502010000300020.

Rauvolfia sellowii Müll. Arg. (Apocynaceae), a Brazilian native tree rich in indole alkaloids, is known as "pau-pra-tudo" and popularly used as hypocholesterolemic, hypoglycemic and antihypertensive. The aim of this work was to study the anatomy of the young stems and stem barks of this medicinal plant, in order to contribute to the identification of the species as a drug. The plant material was fixed and prepared according to standard microtechniques. The young stems have remaining epidermis, but a suberified peridermis is evident. The phellogen is located in the cortical region, forming suber externally. Underneath the phellogen, lies the phelloderm and collenchymatic region. In the cortex, there are numerous laticifers and some fibers. There is an incomplete sclerenchymatic sheath, consisting of several groups of fibers and stone cells. The stem has internal phloem ordered as isolated groups side by side. Numerous laticifers, calcium oxalate crystals, idioblasts and amyloplasts are found in the cortex, phloem, xylem and pith. The stem bark has many layers of suber and cortical parenchyma, a sheath composed of fibers and stone cells totally lignified, and external phloem. These anatomical characteristic, taken together, can be used as quality control parameters for this species.

Palavras-chave : Rauvolfia sellowii [pharmacognosy]; Apocynaceae [pharmacognosy]; Medicinal plants; Vegetal anatomy; Internal phloem; Laticiferous ducts; Calcium oxalate crystals.

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