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Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
versión On-line ISSN 2175-9790
SANTOS, Carolina Alves dos et al. Stability of furosemide and aminophylline in parenteral solutions. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2011, vol.47, n.1, pp.89-96. ISSN 2175-9790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502011000100011.
Parenteral solutions (PS) are one of the most commonly used drug delivery vehicles. Interactions among the drug, components in the drug's formulation, and the PS can result in the formation of inactive complexes that limit efficacy or increase side effects. The aim of this work was to evaluate possible interactions between the drugs and PS, assess drug stability and to identify degradation products after 20 h at room temperature. Furosemide (FSM) and Aminophylline (APN) were added to PS containing either 20% mannitol or 0.9% NaCl at pH 6.5-7.5 and 10-11. Their behavior was studied individually and as an admixture, after 1 h oxidation with H2O2, using a spectrophotometer and HPLC. Individually, FSM and APN added to 20% mannitol and 0.9% NaCl solutions had the highest stability at pH 10-11. When FSM and APN were combined, the behavior of FSM was similar to the behavior observed for the drug individually in the same solutions. With the drugs combined in 20% mannitol pH 10-11, HPLC showed that both drugs were stable after a 20 h period yielding two distinct peaks; in oxidized samples, the elution profile showed four peaks with retention times unrelated to the untreated samples.
Palabras clave : Parenteral solutions; Spectrophotometer; High Performance Liquid Chromatography; Furosemide; Aminophylline.