Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Print version ISSN 1984-8250
SOUSA, Sandra Alves de et al. Dissolution test of herbal medicines containing Paullinia cupana: validation of methods for quantification and assessment of dissolution. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2011, vol.47, n.2, pp. 269-277. ISSN 1984-8250. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502011000200008.
"Guaraná" (Paullinia cupana) is used as a physical activity enhancer and stimulator due to its methylxanthines and condensed tannins. The aim of this work was to evaluate the dissolution behavior of five herbal medicines in the form of capsules and tablets containing guaraná. Assay and dissolution methods were validated and results obtained allowed simultaneous marker quantification with precision, accuracy, selectivity and robustness. Findings showed that 100% of the herbal medicinal products analyzed did not provide satisfactory results concerning the presence of four markers, 60% had three markers (caffeine, catechin and epicatechin), while 40% had only caffeine at tested dosage forms. In addition, after 30 minutes, only capsule A showed at least 80% of the dissolved markers. In other capsules, marker dissolution did not exceed 60% whereas 60% of the samples had some characteristic pharmacotechnical problems. These results evidence the need for rigorous quality control to help ensure the therapeutic action of these drugs. To this end, dissolution studies are an essential tool for quality assurance of herbal medicines.
Keywords : Herbal medicines [quality control]; Herbal medicines [dissolution behavior]; Medicinal plants; Guaraná [pharmacognosy]; Paullinia cupana [pharmacognosy].