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Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
On-line version ISSN 2175-9790
SOLANO, Ana Gabriela Reis; PEREIRA, Larissa de Melo Campos Sousa; LEONEL, Míriam de Fátima Vianna and NUNAN, Elzíria de Aguiar. Development of agar diffusion method for dosage of gramicidin. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2011, vol.47, n.3, pp.564-572. ISSN 2175-9790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502011000300014.
Gramicidin, an antimicrobial peptide active against Gram positive bacteria, is commonly used in pharmaceutical preparations for topical use. Considering that only the turbidimetric method has been described in the literature, the present study sought to develop and validate an agar diffusion method for the dosage of gramicidin. The method was developed and validated using the Kocuria rhizophila ATCC 9341 as a test microorganism. Two designs were used: a 3x3 parallel-line model, and a 5x1 standard curve. The validation demonstrated that the method follows the linear model (r2= 0.994), presenting a significant regression between the zone diameter of growth inhibition and the logarithm of the concentration within the range of 5 to 25.3 µg/mL. The results obtained for both designs were precise, having a relative standard deviation (R.S.D.) for intra-day precision of 0.81 for the 3x3 assay and 1.90 for the 5x1 assay. For the inter-day precision, the R.S.D. was 1.35 for the 3x3 and 2.64 for the 5x1. The accuracy was verified and results confirmed to be accurate, having a tolerance interval of 95%, which lay within permitted limits and appropriate trueness. In addition, the method was considered selective, with limit of detection and upper and lower limits of quantification of 2.00, 5.00 and 25.3 µg/mL, respectively. No difference in precision between the designs used in the agar diffusion method was evident (p>0.05). The method proved to be appropriate for the microbiological dosage of the raw material gramicidin.
Keywords : Gramicidin [microbiological assay]; Microbiological assay [method validation]; Agar diffusion; Cylinder-plate.