Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
versão impressa ISSN 1984-8250
HARWANSH, Ranjit Kumar et al. Nanoemulsions as vehicles for transdermal delivery of glycyrrhizin. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2011, vol.47, n.4, pp. 769-778. ISSN 1984-8250. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502011000400014.
The present investigation aims to evaluate an isotropic and thermodynamically stable nanoemulsion formulation for transdermal delivery of glycyrrhizin (GZ), with minimum surfactant and cosurfactant (Smix) concentrations that could improve its solubility, permeation enhancement, and stability. Pseudo-ternary phase diagrams were developed and various nanoemulsion formulations were prepared using soyabean oil as oil, Span 80, Brij 35 as a surfactant and isopropyl alcohol as a cosurfactant. Nanoemulsion formulations that passed the thermodynamic stability tests were characterized for pH, viscosity and droplet size using a transmission electron microscopy. The transdermal ability of glycyrrhizin through human cadaver skin was determined using Franz diffusion cells. The in vitro skin permeation profile of the optimized nanoemulsion formulation (NE2) was compared to that of conventional gel. A significant increase in permeability parameters such as steady-state flux (Jss) and permeability coefficient (Kp) was observed in the optimized nanoemulsion formulation (NE2), which consisted of 1% wt/wt of mono ammonium glycyrrhizinate (MAG), 32.4% Span 80, 3.7% Brij 35, 10% isopropyl alcohol, 46.5% soyabean oil and 6.4% distilled water. No obvious skin irritation was observed for the studied nanoemulsion formulation (NE2) or the gel. The results indicated that nanoemulsions are promising vehicles for transdermal delivery of glycyrrhizin through human cadaver skin, without the use of additional permeation enhancers, because excipients of nanoemulsions act as permeation enhancers themselves.
Palavras-chave : Nanoemulsions [use]; Nanoemulsions [in vitro skin permeation]; Glycyrrhizin [transdermal delivery]; Isotropic nanoemulsion formulation [evaluation]; Anti-inflammatories [transdermal delivery]; Surfactants; Permeation [enhancers]; Permeation [in vitro study].