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Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
On-line version ISSN 2175-9790
GASPAROTTO, Elainy Patricia Lino et al. Deregulated expression of A1, Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, and Mcl-1 antiapoptotic proteins and Bid, Bad, and Bax proapoptotic genes in polycythemia vera patients. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2011, vol.47, n.4, pp.873-886. ISSN 2175-9790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502011000400025.
Apoptosis deregulation might have a role in the pathophysiology of polycythemia vera (PV). This study evaluated Bcl-2 molecule expression in CD34+ cells and leukocytes in 12 PV patients. Gene expression was investigated by real time PCR using SybrGreen Quantitect kit and protein expression was evaluated by western-blotting. JAK2 V617F mutation was detected according to Baxter et al (2005). CD34+ cells from PV patients presented higher levels of A1 and Mcl-1 expression (median: 22.6 and 5.2, respectively) in comparison with controls (0.9 and 0.5, p=0.004 and p=0.020); while Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL expression decreased in PV patients (0.18 and 1.19) compared with controls (1.39 and 2.01, p=0.006 and p=0.020). CD34+ cells in PV patients showed an elevated Bid expression (14.4) in comparison with healthy subjects (1.0; p=0.002). Patients' leukocytes showed an A1 augmentation (7.41, p=0.001) and a reduced expression of Bax (0.19; p=0.040) and Bad (0.2; p=0.030). There was no correlation between JAK2 V617F allele burden and molecular expression. PV patients showed alterations in Bcl-2 members' expression, which may interfere with control of apoptotic machinery and contribute to disease pathogenesis.
Keywords : Polycythemia vera; Gene mutation; Gene expression; Apoptosis; Bcl-2 family members.