Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
On-line version ISSN 2175-9790
BELLAN, Natalia et al. Critical analysis of the regulations regarding the disposal of medication waste. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2012, vol.48, n.3, pp.507-518. ISSN 2175-9790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502012000300018.
Expired or unused medication at people's homes is normally disposed of in normal garbage, sewage system or, in certain cases, returned to the public health system. There is still no specific legislation regarding this leftover medication to regulate and orient the handling and correct disposal of medication waste. However, there is defined regulation regarding health services' solid waste. This article has the objective of discussing management models for the disposal of medication waste and the recommendations made by pertinent national and international legislation. By means of literature reviews, the management structure for medication waste of international legislation and the regulations regarding the environment, as well as the national legislation for the solid waste from health services was analyzed. Through the analysis it was possible to present better clarifications as to the possible impacts to the environment, to the public's health and alternatives in order to obtain the efficient disposal of medication, reducing and/or avoiding sanitary risk, guaranteeing the quality and safety of public health.
Keywords : Medications [disposal]; Medications [solid waste]; Medications [disposal]; Sanitary risk; Environmental contamination; National Solid Waste Policy.