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Rodriguésia

Print version ISSN 0370-6583On-line version ISSN 2175-7860

Abstract

SILVA, Jacilene Bezerra da  and  LEITE, Ana Virgínia de Lima. Reproductive biology and pollination of Cabomba aquatica (Cabombaceae). Rodriguésia [online]. 2011, vol.62, n.4, pp.919-926. ISSN 0370-6583.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2175-78602011000400017.

Reproductive biology and pollination of the fanwort, Cabomba aquatica Aubl., were studied in populations from dams located in Dois Irmãos State Park, Recife, Pernambuco state, northeastern Brazil. Flower anthesis in this species is diurnal and lasts two days. The flowers are bisexual and exhibit herkogamy and incomplete protogyny. Each flower produces an average of 2.1 ± 94.8 pollen grains, with a P/O ratio of 1.055 and high pollen viability (99.7%). This species is self-compatible, but requires biotic vectors to transfer pollen. We observed visits of bees (Apidae and Halictidae), wasps (Vespidae) and flies (Diptera) to the flowers. Bees and wasps were considered to be effective pollinators, both due to their behavior and their high frequency of visits to flowers, whereas flies were considered to be occasional pollinators. The floral mechanism (herkogamy and protogyny), together with low nectar production and pollinator behavior during visits, may contribute to increase pollen flow between individuals.

Keywords : Cabomba; dichogamy; entomophily; herkogamy; self-compatibility.

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