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Rodriguésia

Print version ISSN 0370-6583On-line version ISSN 2175-7860

Abstract

LONGUI, Eduardo Luiz et al. Relationships among wood anatomy, hydraulic conductivity, density and shear parallel to the grain in the wood of 24-year-old Handroanthus vellosoi (Bignoniaceae). Rodriguésia [online]. 2017, vol.68, n.4, pp.1217-1224. ISSN 2175-7860.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860201768406.

We studied the relationships among wood anatomy, hydraulic conductivity, density and shear parallel to the grain in the stem of Handroanthus vellosoi trees with the goal to identify possible trade-offs between hydraulic conductivity and mechanical properties. For this study we felled 12 trees with 24-year-old and cut 10-cm-thick disks at three heights: base of the trunk, one meter in height, and two meters in height. We propose that the relationship between hydraulic conductivity and mechanical resistance found along the H. vellosoi trunk indicates greater mechanical investment in the wood at the base of the trunk compared with the other two heights (1 and 2 meters). Anatomically, this would be represented by smaller diameter vessels and fibers with thicker walls. Consequently, strength investment implies lower water conductivity at the stem base. However, more studies are needed to determine whether this lower value with respect to 1 and 2 meters represents a significant effect on water transport along the stem.

Keywords : axial variation; biomechanics; brazilian wood; ipê amarelo; trade-offs.

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