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Rodriguésia

Print version ISSN 0370-6583On-line version ISSN 2175-7860

Abstract

PEREIRA, Jovani B. de Souza  and  LABIAK, Paulo H.. Checklist of ferns and lycophytes from the highlands of Pico Paraná State Park, Paraná, Brazil. Rodriguésia [online]. 2018, vol.69, n.2, pp.301-307. ISSN 0370-6583.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860201869203.

We present a checklist for the ferns and lycophytes from Pico Paraná State Park, in Southern Brazil. The Park is entirely located at the Serra do Mar mountains, and represents an important remnant of the Atlantic Rain Forest with altitude achieving 1,887 m. In this locality is the Pico Paraná, the highest mountain in Southern Brazil. This study was focused on the altitudes above 1,000 m, which are mainly represented by dwarf forests and altitudinal fields. A total of 142 species were recorded, three of them (Ceradenia maackii, Diplazium tamandarei, and Stenogrammitis wittigiana) are only found in the park in Southern Brazil. Besides of the checklist of the species, we highlight some important aspects related to endangered species, geographic distribution, and life forms. The high level of endemism, the presence of endangered species, and the phylogenetic diversity as represented by distinct families of ferns and lycophytes show the biogeographic importance of this area for the conservation of these groups of plants.

Keywords : Atlantic Rain Forest; endemism; highlands; richness; Southern Brazil.

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