SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.16 issue2Chemical and morphological analysis of the human dental enamel treated with argon laser during orthodontic bondingAngle's Class II malocclusion treated without extractions and with growth control author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics

Print version ISSN 2176-9451


CARDOSO, Mauricio de Almeida; CAPELOZZA FILHO, Leopoldino; AN, Tien Li  and  LAURIS, José Roberto Pereira. Epidemiology of long face pattern in schoolchildren attending fundamental schools at the city of Bauru - SP. Dental Press J. Orthod. [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.2, pp.108-119. ISSN 2176-9451.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to classify and determine the prevalence of individuals with vertical alteration of facial relationships, according to the severity of discrepancy, especially individuals with long face pattern. METHODS: The sample was composed of 5,020 individuals of Brazilian nationality, of both genders, aged 10 years to 16 years and 11 months, attending fundamental schools at the city of Bauru-SP. Examination of facial morphology comprised direct observation of the face in frontal and lateral views, always with the lips at rest, aiming to identify the individuals presenting vertical alteration of facial relationships. After identification, these individuals were scored, according to severity, into three subtypes, namely mild, moderate and severe. The prevalence of individuals with long face pattern considered only the individuals scored as subtypes moderate and severe. RESULTS: There was prevalence of 34.94% of vertical alteration of facial relationships and 14.06% of long face pattern. CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained in this study revealed that the prevalence of vertical alteration of facial relationships and long face pattern was higher than reported in the literature.

Keywords : Epidemiology; Craniofacial abnormalities; Diagnosis.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English | Portuguese     · English ( pdf epdf ) | Portuguese ( pdf epdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License