Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
On-line version ISSN 2176-9451
FERREIRA, Evandro Eloy Marcone et al. Comparative assessment of anterior spacing in Japanese-Brazilian and white children in the primary dentition. Dental Press J. Orthod. [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.5, pp. 155-162. ISSN 2176-9451. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2176-94512011000500022.
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a comparative evaluation of the prevalence of anterior spacing characteristics in Japanese-Brazilian and white children in primary dentition. METHODS: Two selected samples of children aged 2-6 years were: 405 Japanese-Brazilians from 36 schools in the State of São Paulo and 510 white children from 11 public institutions in São Paulo city. The spacing features in the maxillary and mandibular arches were assigned to four categories: generalized spacing; only primate spaces; no spacing; and crowding. Logistic regression was used to analyze the effect of age, gender and ethnic group on the prevalence of the occlusal characteristics (α=0.05). RESULTS: In Japanese-Brazilians, generalized spacing was the most prevalent trait in the maxillary (46.2%) and mandibular (53.3%) arches. The frequency of primate spaces was higher in the maxillary arch (28.2% versus 15.3%). Concerning no spacing (21.7-26.4%) and crowding (4.0-4.9%), the variation between arches was relatively small. In white children, no spacing and exclusive presence of primate spaces showed distributions similar to that observed in Japanese-Brazilians. Generalized spacing was diagnosed in approximately 50% of the arches. Crowding prevalence was higher in the mandibular arch (12.8% versus 3.9%). The regression model adjusted for crowding prevalence was the only significant one. Only racial factor was significant (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: It may be suggested that anterior spacing features in primary dentition would not be influenced by age or gender. Nevertheless, white children would have 2.8 times more chances of presenting crowding in the mandibular arch, in comparison with Japanese-Brazilians.
Keywords : Dental occlusion; Diastema; Dentition; Primary.