Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
On-line version ISSN 2176-9451
ITIKAWA, Carla Enoki; VALERA, Fabiana Cardoso Pereira; MATSUMOTO, Mírian Aiko Nakane and LIMA, Wilma Terezinha Anselmo. Effect of rapid maxillary expansion on the dimension of the nasal cavity and on facial morphology assessed by acoustic rhinometry and rhinomanometry. Dental Press J. Orthod. [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.4, pp. 129-133. ISSN 2176-9451. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2176-94512012000400024.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of rapid maxillary expansion on facial morphology and on nasal cavity dimensions of mouth breathing children by acoustic rhinometry and computed rhinomanometry. METHODS: Cohort; 29 mouth breathing children with posterior crossbite were evaluated. Orthodontic and otorhinolaryngologic documentation were performed at three different times, i.e., before expansion, immediately after and 90 days following expansion. RESULTS: The expansion was accompanied by an increase of the maxillary and nasal bone transversal width. However, there were no significant differences in relation to mucosal area of the nose. Acoustic rhinometry showed no difference in the minimal cross-sectional area at the level of the valve and inferior turbinate between the periods analyzed, although rhinomanometry showed a statistically significant reduction in nasal resistance right after expansion, but were similar to pre-treatment values 90 days after expansion. CONCLUSION: The maxillary expansion increased the maxilla and nasal bony area, but was inefficient to increase the nasal mucosal area, and may lessen the nasal resistance, although there was no difference in nasal geometry. Significance: Nasal bony expansion is followed by a mucosal compensation.
Keywords : Palatal expansion technique; Mouth breathing; Malocclusion; Cephalometry.