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Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics

Print version ISSN 2176-9451

Abstract

PEIXOTO, Adriano Porto; PINTO, Ary dos Santos; GARIB, Daniela Gamba  and  GONCALVES, João Roberto. Three-dimensional dental arch changes of patients submitted to orthodontic-surgical treatment for correction of Class II malocclusion. Dental Press J. Orthod. [online]. 2014, vol.19, n.4, pp.71-79. ISSN 2176-9451.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2176-9451.19.4.071-079.oar.

INTRODUCTION:

This study assessed the three-dimensional changes in the dental arch of patients submitted to orthodontic-surgical treatment for correction of Class II malocclusions at three different periods.

METHODS:

Landmarks previously identified on upper and lower dental casts were digitized on a three-dimensional digitizer MicroScribe-3DX and stored in Excel worksheets in order to assess the width, length and depth of patient's dental arches.

RESULTS:

During orthodontic preparation, the maxillary and mandibular transverse dimensions measured at the premolar regions were increased and maintained throughout the follow-up period. Intercanine width was increased only in the upper arch during orthodontic preparation. Maxillary arch length was reduced during orthodontic finalization, only. Upper and lower arch depths were stable in the study periods. Differences between centroid and gingival changes suggested that upper and lower arch premolars buccaly proclined during the pre-surgical period.

CONCLUSIONS:

Maxillary and mandibular dental arches presented transverse expansion at premolar regions during preoperative orthodontic preparation, with a tendency towards buccal tipping. The transverse dimensions were not altered after surgery. No sagittal or vertical changes were observed during the follow-up periods.

Keywords : Orthodontics; Orthognathic surgery; Malocclusion; Dental models.

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