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Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics

Print version ISSN 2176-9451


PINHEIRO, Fábio Henrique de Sá Leitão et al. Longitudinal stability of rapid and slow maxillary expansion. Dental Press J. Orthod. [online]. 2014, vol.19, n.6, pp.70-77. ISSN 2176-9451.


The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the longitudinal stability of two types of posterior crossbite correction: rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and slow maxillary expansion (SME).


Study casts of 90 adolescent patients were assessed for interdental width changes at three different periods: pretreatment (T1), post-treatment (T2) and at least, five years post-retention (T3). Three groups of 30 patients were established according to the treatment received to correct posterior crossbite: Group A (RME), group B (SME) and group C (control- Edgewise therapy only). After crossbite correction, all patients received fixed edgewise orthodontic appliances. Paired t-tests and one-way ANOVA were used to identify significant intra and intergroup changes, respectively (P < 0.05).


Except for intercanine distance, all widths increased in groups A and B from T1 to T2. In the long-term, the amount of relapse was not different for groups A and B, except for 3-3 widths which showed greater decrease in group A. However, the percentage of clinically relapsed cases of posterior crossbite was similar for rapid and slow maxillary expansion.


Rapid and slow maxillary expansion showed similar stability in the long-term.

Keywords : Palatal expansion technique; Orthodontics; Treatment outcomes.

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