Jornal da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia
versión On-line ISSN 2179-6491
ITAQUY, Roberta Baldino et al. Dysphagia and cerebrovascular accident: relationship between severity degree and level of neurological impairment. J. Soc. Bras. Fonoaudiol. [online]. 2011, vol.23, n.4, pp. 385-389. ISSN 2179-6491. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2179-64912011000400016.
The aim of this case study was to verify the occurrence of dysphagia in acute ischemic stroke within 48 hours after the onset of the first symptoms, in order to establish a possible relationship between the level of neurologic impairment and the severity degree of dysphagia. After emergency hospital admission, three patients underwent neurological clinical evaluation (general physical examination, neurological examination, and application of the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale - NIHSS), and clinical assessment of swallowing using the Protocolo Fonoaudiológico de Avaliação do Risco para Disfagia (PARD - Speech-Language Pathology Protocol for Risk Evaluation for Dysphagia). One of the patients presented functional swallowing (NIHSS score 11), while the other two had mild and moderate oropharyngeal dysphagia (NIHSS scores 15 and 19, respectively). The service flow and the delay on the patients' search for medical care determined the small sample. The findings corroborate literature data regarding the severity of the neurological condition and the manifestation of dysphagia.
Palabras llave : Dysphagia [etiology]; Stroke [complications]; Neurological examination; Evaluation; Rapid evaluation.