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Jornal da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia
On-line version ISSN 2179-6491
SILVA, Regiane Serafim Abreu; SIMOES-ZENARI, Marcia and NEMR, Nair Kátia. Impact of auditory training for perceptual assessment of voice executed by undergraduate students in Speech-Language Pathology. J. Soc. Bras. Fonoaudiol. [online]. 2012, vol.24, n.1, pp. 19-25. ISSN 2179-6491. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2179-64912012000100005.
PURPOSE: To analyze the impact of auditory training for auditory-perceptual assessment carried out by Speech-Language Pathology undergraduate students. METHODS: During two semesters, 17 undergraduate students enrolled in theoretical subjects regarding phonation (Phonation/Phonation Disorders) analyzed samples of altered and unaltered voices (selected for this purpose), using the GRBAS scale. All subjects received auditory training during nine 15-minute meetings. In each meeting, a different parameter was presented using the different voices sample, with predominance of the trained aspect in each session. Sample assessment using the scale was carried out before and after training, and in other four opportunities throughout the meetings. Students' assessments were compared to an assessment carried out by three voice-experts speech-language pathologists who were the judges. To verify training effectiveness, the Friedman's test and the Kappa index were used. RESULTS: The rate of correct answers in the pre-training was considered between regular and good. It was observed maintenance of the number of correct answers throughout assessments, for most of the scale parameters. In the post-training moment, the students showed improvements in the analysis of asthenia, a parameter that was emphasized during training after the students reported difficulties analyzing it. There was a decrease in the number of correct answers for the roughness parameter after it was approached segmented into hoarseness and harshness, and observed in association with different diagnoses and acoustic parameters. CONCLUSION: Auditory training enhances students' initial abilities to perform the evaluation, aside from guiding adjustments in the dynamics of the university subject.
Keywords : Voice; Voice quality; Voice disorders; Voice training; Education higher; Speech,language and hearing sciences; Auditory perception .