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Jornal da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia

versão On-line ISSN 2179-6491

Resumo

WEBER, Priscila et al. Cervical spine dysfunction signs and symptoms in individuals with temporomandibular disorder. J. Soc. Bras. Fonoaudiol. [online]. 2012, vol.24, n.2, pp.134-139. ISSN 2179-6491.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2179-64912012000200008.

PURPOSE: To study the frequency of cervical spine dysfunction (CCD) signs and symptoms in subjects with and without temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and to assess the craniocervical posture influence on TMD and CCD coexistence. METHODS: Participants were 71 women (19 to 35 years), assessed about TMD presence; 34 constituted the TMD group (G1) and 37 comprised the group without TMD (G2). The CCD was evaluated through the Craniocervical Dysfunction Index and the Cervical Mobility Index. Subjects were also questioned about cervical pain. Craniocervical posture was assessed by cephalometric analysis. RESULTS: There was no difference in the craniocervical posture between groups. G2 presented more mild CCD frequency and less moderate and severe CCD frequency (p=0.01). G1 presented higher percentage of pain during movements (p=0.03) and pain during cervical muscles palpation (p=0.01) compared to G2. Most of the TMD patients (88.24%) related cervical pain with significant difference when compared to G2 (p=0.00). CONCLUSION: Craniocervical posture assessment showed no difference between groups, suggesting that postural alterations could be more related to the CCD. Presence of TMD resulted in higher frequency of cervical pain symptom. Thus the coexistence of CCD and TMD signs and symptoms appear to be more related to the common innervations of the trigeminocervical complex and hyperalgesia of the TMD patients than to craniocervical posture deviations.

Palavras-chave : Facial pain; Neck pain; Craniomandibular disorders; Posture; Cephalometry; Signs and symptoms.

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