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Jornal da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia

versão On-line ISSN 2179-6491

Resumo

GONZALEZ, Deborah Oliveira; CACERES, Ana Manhani; BENTO-GAZ, Ana Carolina Paiva  e  BEFI-LOPES, Debora Maria. The complexity of narrative interferes in the use of conjunctions in children with specific language impairment. J. Soc. Bras. Fonoaudiol. [online]. 2012, vol.24, n.2, pp.152-156. ISSN 2179-6491.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2179-64912012000200011.

PURPOSE: To verify the use of conjunctions in narratives, and to investigate the influence of stimuli's complexity over the type of conjunctions used by children with specific language impairment (SLI) and children with typical language development. METHODS: Participants were 40 children (20 with typical language development and 20 with SLI) with ages between 7 and 10 years, paired by age range. Fifteen stories with increasing of complexity were used to obtain the narratives; stories were classified into mechanical, behavioral and intentional, and each of them was represented by four scenes. Narratives were analyzed according to occurrence and classification of conjunctions. RESULTS: Both groups used more coordinative than subordinate conjunctions, with significant decrease in the use of conjunctions in the discourse of SLI children. The use of conjunctions varied according to the type of narrative: for coordinative conjunctions, both groups differed only between intentional and behavioral narratives, with higher occurrence in behavioral ones; for subordinate conjunctions, typically developing children's performance did not show differences between narratives, while SLI children presented fewer occurrences in intentional narratives, which was different from other narratives. CONCLUSION: Both groups used more coordinative than subordinate conjunctions; however, typically developing children presented more conjunctions than SLI children. The production of children with SLI was influenced by stimulus, since more complex narratives has less use of subordinate conjunctions.

Palavras-chave : Child language; Narration; Language development; Speech, language and hearing sciences; Language development disorders.

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