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Floresta e Ambiente

On-line version ISSN 2179-8087

Abstract

LIMA, Israel Luiz de et al. Physical-mechanical and anatomical characterization in 26-year-old Eucalyptus resinifera wood. Floresta Ambient. [online]. 2014, vol.21, n.1, pp.91-98.  Epub Feb 11, 2014. ISSN 2179-8087.  https://doi.org/10.4322/floram.2014.006.

In the present study, we aimed to characterize Eucalyptus resinifera wood through physical and mechanical assays and wood anatomy studies, as well as determine the relationships between the properties and anatomy of wood. We used samples collected from the area close to the bark of ten 26-year-old E. resinifera trees. We concluded that the specific gravity (Gb), compression (fc0), and shear parallel to grain (fv0) were ranked in strength classes C30, C40 and C60, respectively, and that volumetric shrinkage (VS) was ranked as high. A positive relationship between Gb and fv0 results from the higher specific gravity associated with higher tissue proportion, in turn, causing higher shear strength. Higher ray frequency increases shear strength, because rays act as reinforcing elements. A negative relationship between VS and vessel diameter occurs because vessel walls are highly resistant to collapse, and since larger lumens represent a higher proportion of empty spaces, less tissue is available for shrinkage.

Keywords : Eucalyptus wood quality; physical-mechanical properties; red mahogany; structure/properties relationships.

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