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Floresta e Ambiente

Print version ISSN 1415-0980On-line version ISSN 2179-8087

Abstract

LONGUI, Eduardo Luiz et al. Some Properties of Astronium graveolens Wood Along the Stem. Floresta Ambient. [online]. 2016, vol.23, n.1, pp.142-149.  Epub Feb 12, 2016. ISSN 2179-8087.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2179-8087.109714.

We investigated the axial variation of specific gravity, shear parallel to the grain and anatomical features of Astronium graveolens wood and related these properties to the anatomy along the stem. We felled five 20-year-old trees and cut discs from four different stem heights, including stem base, 1 meter, 2 meters and 3 meters, for a total of 20 discs, and studied wood samples near the bark and at the base of trunk. Axial variations found appear to provide a balance between mechanical strength of the wood at stem base by the higher density and higher shear by the increase in ray frequency that contributes to locking the vertical cells and growth rings, thus preventing the stem from easily breaking when bent. For hydraulic conductivity, vessels with smaller diameter and frequency at the stem base help prevent the occurrence of embolisms that would reduce water flow along the main stem.

Keywords : hydraulic conductivity; strength of wood; guaritá; axial variation.

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