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Revista Brasileira de Cardiologia Invasiva
On-line version ISSN 2179-8397
GIOPPATO, Silvio et al. Percutaneous coronary intervention at the Vera Cruz hospital in Campinas: results of a five-year experience. Rev. Bras. Cardiol. Invasiva [online]. 2011, vol.19, n.4, pp. 411-416. ISSN 2179-8397. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2179-83972011000400012.
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) plays an important role in the treatment of coronary artery disease, as a result of technological development and its wide application in different clinical scenarios of greater complexity. We present data from a cath lab that started its activity five years ago at a private hospital in the city of Campinas (SP). METHODS: From 2006 to 2011, 518 consecutive patients were submitted to PCI at the Vera Cruz Hospital and were included in this study. Clinical, angiographic and procedural characteristics and the in-hospital clinical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Patient average age was 65.8 + 12.2 years, 73.5% were male, 29.9% were diabetics and half of procedures were performed during an acute coronary syndrome. A total of 890 lesions (74% B2/C type) were treated with 1.6 stents/patient, 37.1% of them were drug eluting stents. Stent diameter and length were 3.01 + 0.53 mm and 23.2 + 7 mm, respectively. The procedure success was 93.6%, death occurred in 2.9% of the patients, stroke in 0.8%, myocardial infarction in 3.5%, reintervention in 0.8% and stent thrombosis in 0.97%. Hypertension [odds ratio (OR) 4.48, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.32-15.16; P = 0.016] and diabetes (OR 7.24, 95% CI 1.69-31.05; P = 0.008) were independent predictors of in-hospital major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). CONCLUSIONS: The overall procedural success and low incidence of MACCE demonstrated the efficacy and safety of PCI in the daily clinical practice in a new interventional cardiology service, localized in a hospital outside the capital of the state of São Paulo.
Keywords : Angioplasty; Stents; Coronary disease.