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Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia
versão On-line ISSN 2179-975X
SOUTO, Renata de Moura Guimaraes; FACURE, Kátia Gomes; PAVANIN, Luis Alfredo e JACOBUCCI, Giuliano Buzá. Influence of environmental factors on benthic macroinvertebrate communities of urban streams in Vereda habitats, Central Brazil. Acta Limnol. Bras. [online]. 2011, vol.23, n.3, pp. 293-306. Epub 08-Mar-2012. ISSN 2179-975X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2179-975X2012005000008.
AIM: Veredas and the aquatic and semi-aquatic communities play a key role in watershed protection in the Cerrado Biome. Information about the effects of physical and chemical variables and habitat integrity on benthic communities has been increased in recent years; however, there is no study evaluating the influence of urbanization on macroinvertebrates of Vereda streams. Thus, improving the knowledge of the relationship between abiotic properties and benthic fauna is very important for understanding the functioning of ecological processes and health of aquatic ecosystems. This study investigated the influence of physical and chemical variables on benthic macroinvertebrate communities along a gradient of anthropogenic disturbance in four Vereda streams in Uberlândia (MG), one in a preserved area and three in the urban area; METHODS: samplings were collected during the dry and rainy seasons; RESULTS: principal component analysis separated the stream in the preserved area from those in the urban area by having lower values of BOD, COD, sediment size, conductivity, detergents, pH, deposited solids and total dissolved solids. Pollution sensitive groups (e.g., Ephemeroptera and Trichoptera) were associated to the stream in the preserved area, and more tolerant groups (e.g., Chironomidae and Oligochaeta) had greater abundance in the streams of the urban area. Canonical Correspondence Analysis indicated that dissolved oxygen, conductivity, BOD, oil and grease, and turbidity explained 56% of the variance in the distribution and abundance of macroinvertebrates; CONCLUSIONS: Benthic communities of Vereda streams in urban areas in the Cerrado Biome seem to be highly affected by human activities that increase water organic pollution and sedimentation.
Palavras-chave : bioindicators; environmental quality; pollution; Cerrado.