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Almanack

On-line version ISSN 2236-4633

Abstract

MIRANDA, Luiz Francisco Albuquerque de. VIRTUE AND SELF-CONTROL IN RIBEIRO SANCHES. Almanack [online]. 2019, n.21, pp.529-564.  Epub Apr 15, 2019. ISSN 2236-4633.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2236-463320192112.

This paper analyzes the disciplinary dimension inside the proposals of Antônio Nunes Ribeiro Sanches for the Educational Reformation in Portugal during Pombaline Era. (1750-1777). Ribeiro Sanches was a Portuguese physician from the 18th century, shaped by the Enlightenment, he lived and worked in several European countries. He has written articles about medicine and health service, but also has elaborated articles in order to deal with instruction and educational policies. He has defended the teaching laicization and became one of the references for the Portuguese educational reformation provided by Marquis of Pombal. In addition to proposing institutional and curricular changes in order to organize the educational system controlled by the State, he fulfilled a meaningful reflection about the scholar discipline and, within his commentaries, it is possible to identify a concern with the control of the body and emotions. Education, in the author’s perspective, plays a crucial role in absorbing the essential “virtues” of life within a society. By presenting the educational procedures which would infuse these “virtues”, Ribeiro Sanches outlines a set of self-controlled strategies thought as vital to the social order and public business.

Keywords : Ribeiro Sanches; enlightenment education; self-control; virtue.

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