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 issue23NATURE AND INDIGENOUS IN THE POEM A CONFEDERAÇÃO DOS TAMOIOS: THE FICTIONAL HISTORY IN THE ROMANTIC BRAZIL OF MAGALHÃES AND ALENCAR“A GAME OF PARTIES”: PUBLIC EDUCATION AND POLITICS IN IMPERIAL MARANHÃO author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Almanack

On-line version ISSN 2236-4633

Abstract

MEGLIO, Gabriel Di; GUZMAN, Tomás  and  KATZ, Mariana. NINETEENTH CENTURY HISPANIC AMERICAN ARTISANS: IDENTITIES, ORGANIZATIONS AND POLITICAL ACTION. Almanack [online]. 2019, n.23, pp.275-315.  Epub Dec 13, 2019. ISSN 2236-4633.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2236-463320192310.

This paper presents a comparative and synthetic overview of the history of artisans in six Hispanic American cities (Bogota, Buenos Aires, La Paz, Lima, Mexico and Santiago de Chile), from late eighteenth century to late nineteenth century. There are some key problems that reappear in historical studies: descriptions of artisans and their social identity; their organizations, such as guilds, brotherhoods, societies and mutualism; artisans’ demands for a protectionist economic policy; their ways of participating in republican politics; and the profound conflicts that hit most of these cities towards mid-nineteenth century. Our goal is to recover common and diverse aspects that have been revealed around these problems and build new questions that inform future debates on the intersections between labor history, conflicts and politics in the transition from the colonial order to republicanism.

Keywords : artisans; Hispanic America; labor; guilds; mutualism; protectionism.

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