Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Print version ISSN 2237-6089
EBLING, Márcia and CARLOTTO, Mary Sandra. Burnout syndrome and associated factors among health professionals of a public hospital. Trends Psychiatry Psychother. [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.2, pp.93-100. ISSN 2237-6089. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2237-60892012000200008.
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BS) dimensions and their relationship with sociodemographic data, working variables, psychosocial variables, job satisfaction, hardiness, self-efficacy, and common mental disorders among health professionals of a public hospital. METHOD: This cross-sectional study assessed 234 health professionals working at a public hospital in southern Brazil. Participants answered the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Job Satisfaction Questionnaire, the Hardiness Scale, The General Self-Efficacy Scale, the Self-Reporting Questionnaire, and a questionnaire specifically designed for the present study to assess sociodemographic and variables related to work. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULTS: An association was identified between the three dimensions of BS and sociodemographic data, variables related to work, psychosocial variables, hardy personality traits, and common mental disorders. CONCLUSION: The study allowed to define a risk profile for BS, namely male, young, undergraduate workers, with a low income, who see a large number of patients per day, physicians, government employees, absence of commitment, control and challenge (hardy personality traits), low self-efficacy, job dissatisfaction, presence of common mental disorders, and intention to change career, institution, or position at current institution.
Keywords : Psychological stress; health personnel; occupational health.