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Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

Print version ISSN 2237-6089On-line version ISSN 2238-0019

Abstract

SCHWAB, Bianca et al. Variables associated with health-related quality of life in a Brazilian sample of patients from a tertiary outpatient clinic for depression and anxiety disorders. Trends Psychiatry Psychother. [online]. 2015, vol.37, n.4, pp.202-208. ISSN 2238-0019.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2015-0013.

Introduction:

Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessment tools have been broadly used in the medical context. These tools are used to measure the subjective impact of the disease on patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the variables associated with HRQOL in a Brazilian sample of patients followed up in a tertiary outpatient clinic for depression and anxiety disorders.

Method:

Cross-sectional study. Independent variables were those included in a sociodemographic questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) scores. Dependent variables were those included in the short version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) and the scores for its subdomains (overall quality of life and general health, physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment). A multiple linear regression analysis was used to find the variables independently associated with each outcome.

Results:

Seventy-five adult patients were evaluated. After multiple linear regression analysis, the HADS scores were associated with all outcomes, except social relationships (p = 0.08). Female gender was associated with poor total scores, as well as psychological health and environment. Unemployment was associated with poor physical health.

Conclusion:

Identifying the factors associated with HRQOL and recognizing that depression and anxiety are major factors are essential to improve the care of patients.

Keywords : Quality of life; depression; anxiety.

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