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Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

Print version ISSN 2237-6089On-line version ISSN 2238-0019

Abstract

FIORINI, Guilherme Pacheco  and  RAMIRES, Vera Regina Röhnelt. Development of Brazilian prototypes for child psychodynamic psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy. Trends Psychiatry Psychother. [online]. 2019, vol.41, n.2, pp.149-158.  Epub July 15, 2019. ISSN 2237-6089.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2018-0053.

Introduction

This study developed Brazilian psychodynamic psychotherapy (PDT) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) prototypes for children with internalizing disorders (ID) and externalizing disorders (ED).

Method

Eighteen Brazilian experts in PDT (n = 9) and CBT (n = 9) rated the 100 items of the Child Psychotherapy Q-Set (CPQ) describing a hypothetical typical session based on their respective theoretical backgrounds for children with ID. They then rated the same items describing a hypothetical typical session for children with ED. A Q-type factor analysis with varimax rotation was performed.

Results

Expert correlations were high within each theoretical approach and each diagnostic category. The factor analysis identified three independent factors. CBT ratings concentrated on one factor, while PDT ratings loaded onto one factor describing treatment of children with ID and another factor describing treatment of children with ED.

Conclusion

The sole CBT prototype reflected a general conceptualization of this approach and was undifferentiated regarding treatment of children with ID and ED. The PDT prototype for children with ID provided evidence of a process focused on interpretation, while the PDT prototype for children with ED characterized a supportive process with attention to the therapeutic relationship. This infers greater variation in the PDT setting for children with different conditions.

Keywords : Psychotherapy; child psychology; psychodynamic psychotherapy; cognitive therapy.

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