Journal of Coloproctology (Rio de Janeiro)
Print version ISSN 2237-9363
TEIXEIRA, Fábio Ramos; TEIXEIRA, Gustavo Ramos; SANTOS, Thiago Costa dos and TORRES NETO, Juvenal da Rocha. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery: what to expect from an initial experience. J. Coloproctol. (Rio J.) [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.2, pp.154-162. ISSN 2237-9363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2237-93632012000200011.
Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is less traumatic when compared to traditional surgery techniques, with well-established advantages. The objective of this study was to report the experience in laparoscopic surgical treatment of colorectal diseases. METHOD: Catalog all patients submitted to laparoscopic colorectal surgery performed by one surgeon and perform a descriptive analysis of key data from these records. RESULTS: The study analyzed data from 43 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Most were females (n=30; 69.77%) in relation to males (n=13; 30.23%), mean age of 57.21 years old. Among the indications for surgery, diverticular disease was the most frequent (n=20; 46.51%), followed by malignancy (n=13; 30.23%). Most patients underwent rectosigmoidectomy (n=28; 65.12%), followed by right hemicolectomy (n=6; 13.95%), with conversions in five cases (11.63%). The study observed a tendency towards increased number of surgeries, reduced average operative time as well as decreased conversions to laparotomy along the studied period. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is a safe procedure, and with the technical development of the team, the results have been increasingly good.
Keywords : surgery; colorectal surgery; laparoscopy.