SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.34 issue3Comparison between infliximab and adalimumab in the treatment of perianal fistulas in Crohn's diseaseComparative study of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine and azoxymethane on the induction of colorectal cancer in rats author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Journal of Coloproctology (Rio de Janeiro)

Print version ISSN 2237-9363On-line version ISSN 2317-6423

Abstract

SALOME, Geraldo Magela  and  ALMEIDA, Sergio Aguinaldo de. Association of sociodemographic and clinical factors with the self-image and self-esteem of individuals with intestinal stoma. J. Coloproctol. (Rio J.) [online]. 2014, vol.34, n.3, pp.159-166. ISSN 2317-6423.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcol.2014.05.005.

Objective:

To evaluate the clinical and sociodemographic factors and correlate them to the self-image and self-esteem.

Methods:

A study conducted at Ostomy Pole of PousoAlegre. The data were collected between December 2012 and May 2013. This was a non-probabilistic, by convenience, sample. For data collection, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale/UNIFESP-EPM and Body Investment Scale were used. For statistical analysis, chi-squared test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman correlation were used. Levels of significance of 5% (p ≤ 0.05) were considered.

Results:

Participants had a mean score of 10.81 in the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale/UNIFESP. Regarding Body Investment Scale results, the mean total score was 38.79; the mean in the domain of body image was 7.74, and for personal touch, 21.31. When comparing data related to the stoma and sociodemographic profiles with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale/UNIFESP and Body Investment Scale, we realize that all patients demonstrated a decrease in self-esteem and self-image. Individuals were over 60 years old, male, retired, married and were not participants in support group/association. With regard to the characteristics of the stoma, those permanent colostomized had as causes of stoma implementation inflammatory disease and neoplasia; stomata measured between 20 and 40 mm; these people used two-piece devices. People who have not been notified that would be subjected to the stoma and in whom no demarcation was done showed worsening in self-esteem and self-image in relation to other features related to injury and sociodemographic data.

Conclusion:

Patients who participated in this study had low self-image and self-esteem in all characteristics of the stoma and in sociodemographic data, meaning that these individuals had negative feelings about their own bodies.

Keywords : Ostomy; Quality of life; Body image; Self-image; Self-esteem.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English     · English ( pdf )