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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

Print version ISSN 1679-4974On-line version ISSN 2237-9622


PEDRAZA, Dixis Figueroa  and  ARAUJO, Erika Morganna Neves de. Hospitalizations of Brazilian children under fiver years old: a systematic review. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2017, vol.26, n.1, pp.169-182. ISSN 1679-4974.


to describe the causes of hospitalization of Brazilian children under five years old.


this is a systematic review of articles published from 2008 to 2015, searched in the databases Medline and LILACS; selected studies were critically analyzed through a validated instrument.


eleven articles were included, four of them are ecological and seven are cross-sectional studies; respiratory diseases (n=5), parasitic infections (n=4) and perinatal diseases (n=2) were the main causes for hospitalizations in the reviwed articles; in the studies that analyzed the sensitive conditions, pneumonia (n=6), gastroenteritis (n=5), and asthma (n=5) were the mais causes pointed out.


respiratory, parasitic and perinatal diseases revealed to be the main causes for hospitalizations in Brazilian children; pneumonia, gastroenteritis, and asthma constitute the most important of hospitalizations, treatable in the ambulatory health care.

Keywords : Children’s Health Care; Hospitalization; Ambulatory Health Care; Literature Review as Topic.

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