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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

Print version ISSN 1679-4974On-line version ISSN 2237-9622

Abstract

PEREIRA, Gerson Fernando Mendes; SHIMIZU, Helena Eri; BERMUDEZ, Ximena Pamela  and  HAMANN, Edgar Merchan. Epidemiology of HIV and AIDS in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 1980-2015. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.4, e2017374.  Epub Nov 08, 2018. ISSN 2237-9622.  https://doi.org/10.5123/s1679-49742018000400004.

Objective:

to describe the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the state of Rio Grande do Sul and the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre (MRPA), Brazil, in the period 1980-2015.

Methods:

this was a descriptive study using data from Ministry of Health information systems.

Results:

83.313 AIDS cases were recorded in the state; during the periods 1980-1990, 1991-2000 and 2001-2015, the detection rates in the state were 1.1, 17.2 and 40.3/100,000 inhab., respectively, and in the MRPA the detection rates were 2.4, 33.6 and 66.9/100,000 inhabitants, while mortality rates were 0.5, 8.5 and 12.6/100,000 inhab. in the state, and 1.3, 17.3 and 21.7/100,000 inhab. in the MRPA; in 2001-2015, the detection rate of HIV+ pregnant women per 1.000 live births in the state was 8.1 and 13.7 in the MRPA, while injecting drug users in the state (8.2%) and in the MRPA (8.9%) also stood out.

Conclusion:

the epidemic is generalized in the MRPA and with greater magnitude in relation to the state.

Keywords : HIV Infection; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; Epidemics; Brazil; Epidemiology, Descriptive.

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