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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

Print version ISSN 1679-4974On-line version ISSN 2237-9622

Abstract

MALACARNE, Jocieli et al. Health service access for tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment among indigenous peoples in Rondônia state, Brazilian Amazon, 2009-2011: a cross-sectional study. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2019, vol.28, n.3, e2018231.  Epub Sep 09, 2019. ISSN 1679-4974.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/s1679-49742019000300002.

Objective:

to investigate access to health services for tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment among indigenous peoples in Rondônia State, Brazil, 2009-2011.

Methods:

we conducted a cross-sectional study with indigenous people attending Indigenous Health Care Units (Casai) between October 2009 and February 2011; geographical, economical and functional dimensions of access to TB services were evaluated through interviews and then described.

Results:

52 indigenous people with TB were interviewed; in the geographical dimension, lack of transportation, distance and lack of health professionals were the main obstacles; in the economic dimension, 15 indigenous people reported cost/expense as a barrier to access; in the functional dimension, 21 arrived at the Casai using their own means; 24 reported that the time between first symptoms and arriving at the Casai was > 30days; 25 reported that time between first consultation and starting treatment was >30 days; treatment was supervised in 22 cases.

Conclusion:

the difficulties found in accessing health services in the dimensions we analyzed can contribute to TB continuing to be transmitted in indigenous villages.

Keywords : Tuberculosis; Health of Indigenous Peoples; Health Systems; Public Health Surveillance; Health Services Accessibility.

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