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Journal of Seed Science

versão impressa ISSN 2317-1537

Resumo

KRZYZANOWSKI, Francisco Carlos; LORINI, Irineu; FRANCA-NETO, José de Barros  e  HENNING, Ademir Assis. Effects of phosphine fumigation on the quality of soybean seeds. J. Seed Sci. [online]. 2013, vol.35, n.2, pp.179-182. ISSN 2317-1537.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S2317-15372013000200006.

Fumigation is a technique employed to eliminate insect pests in stored seeds by using gas. The aim of the experiment was to evaluate the effect of the gas phosphine on germination and on vigor (accelerated aging and seedling length) of soybean seeds. Soybean seeds of two cultivars with two vigor levels were used. Each treatment was replicated four times and each experimental unit consisted of two kilograms of seeds, which were placed in individual 1 m3 gas-tight capacity chambers with phosphine. The concentrations used were 1.0; 2.0 and 3.0 g PH3.m-3, achieved by applying 3.0; 6.0 and 9.0 g of Fertox® commercial formulation. During seven days, the phosphine gas concentration within each chamber was monitored using the Silochek® gas meter. After this period, the chambers were opened, the seeds were removed and the quality analyses were performed. Throughout the experiment, PH3 concentrations in the chambers remained at the concentrations required for the elimination of all life stages of insect pests of stored seed. Even in the lowest dosage, the gas concentration remained above 400 ppm that is considered the minimum concentration for eliminating insect pests. No detrimental effects were detected on the physiological quality of the fumigated seeds.

Palavras-chave : storage; pest control; germination; vigor.

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