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Journal of Seed Science

versão impressa ISSN 2317-1537

Resumo

MATOS, Antônio César Batista; BORGES, Eduardo Euclydes de Lima e  e  SEKITA, Marcelo Coelho. Production of reactive oxygen species in Dalbergia nigra seeds under thermal stress. J. Seed Sci. [online]. 2014, vol.36, n.3, pp.282-289.  Epub 09-Set-2014. ISSN 2317-1537.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-1545v36n3973.

Seed germination is dependent on abiotic factors, temperature being one of the main ones, whose influence causes seed damage under extreme conditions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of different temperatures during germination of D. nigra seeds and their physiological and biochemical implications. We assessed germination percentage and production of superoxide anion (O2-) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in seeds subjected to temperatures of 5, 15, 25, 35 and 45 ºC for different periods of time. Hydration is promoted at 45 ºC and inhibited at 5ºC, without germination in either, whereas it is minimal at 15 °C and at a maximum level at 25 °C. Superoxide production increases at higher temperatures (25 and 35 ºC) after 72 hours of hydration, coinciding with the beginning of radicle protrusion. Production of hydrogen peroxide decreases at all temperatures, except for 5 ºC, with values near each other at temperatures of 15, 25, and 35 ºC, where there was radicle protrusion.

Palavras-chave : forest; physiology; biochemistry; rosewood.

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